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Detailed record for Additional 40000

Title Gospel Book (the 'Thorney Gospels') with Eusebian canon tables (ff. 4v-9v); added Liber Vitae (ff. 1v-4, 9v-11,12) and list of relics (f. 11v) of Thorney Abbey
Origin France, Central or NW (Brittany?)
Date 1st quarter of the 10th century
Language Latin with English glosses
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Full page-length or large initials with geometric and foliate decoration in colours (f. 13) or in red and yellow (ff. 34v, 48, 71v) at the beginning of each Gospel. Canon tables with columns in red or red, green and yellow (ff. 4v-9v). Numerous initials, rubrics and numbers in red.
Dimensions in mm 310 x 240 (200/20 x 145)
Official foliation ff. 87 (+ 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf and 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf at the beginning and 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown calf leather with blind tooling.
Provenance Marginal lectionary notes throughout, Latin verses in red ink at the bottom of one page (f. 30) and Old English glosses (ff. 30-32, 48) were added in an English hand of the late 10th or early 11th century (see Clarke 1995).
The Benedictine abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Botolph, Thorney, Cambridgeshire: a 12th century list of names and relics associated with the abbey (ff. 1-4, 9v-12), and included in the list of books loaned from the book closet of the abbey in Oxford, Bodleian manuscript Tanner 10.
List of abbots of Thorney abbey in a hand of the 15th century (f. 11).
John Parker (b. 1548, d. 1619) of Cambridge, in the list of his books (London, Lambeth Palace Manuscript 737, f. 154) and given by him to Burghley.
William Cecil (b. 1520/21, d. 1598), 1st Baron Burghley, royal minister: his library sold on 21 November 1687, lot 8.
Sir Thomas Mostyn, 2nd Baronet of Mostyn Hall, Flintshire (b. c.1676, d. 1737), collector and politician, bought by him in February 1692 for £2 12s according to a note on the front inside cover referring to Mostyn correspondence, vol 7.
Sir Thomas Mostyn, 4th Baronet, (b. 1704, d. 1758), bookplate with his coat of arms, inscribed with his name, the date of 1744, and 'no 22' . In addition, the book label of his library at Gloddaeth, Carnarvon and another number, 'MS. No. 72' (inside front cover).
The 3rd Lord Mostyn's sale: purchased from him by the British Museum at Sotheby's, 14 July 1920, for £ 651, lot 39.
Notes Blank pages were left before the opening of each Gospel (ff. 12v, 34, 47v and 71), possibly for miniatures.
There are some 50 pencilled or scratched interlinear glosses in Old English in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke dating from the beginning of the 10th century.
An Old English inscription of the 2nd half of the 11th century refers to a former treasure binding (f. 4).
The lists of names were added between 1100 to 1175, some on leaves from the original Gospel book, some on added leaves. There are about 2300 names of Anglo-Saxon, Scandinavian and, later, of Anglo-Norman origin, added up to a century after the death of the people concerned (see Clarke 1995). They include monarchs such as King Cnut, King Harold and Queen Aelfgifu, laypeople including family groups and monks of Thorney Abbey.
The date sequence of the names is ff. 9v, then ff.3 r-v, 2r-v and 1v with sporadic entries on ff. 4, 11 and 12.
The list of relics dates from the early 12th century and includes relics of St Aethelwold and St Guthlac (f. 11v).
The 15th-century abbatial table on f. 11 under the rubric 'No[m]i[n]a Abbatu[m] hu[]i[us] mo[na]st[er]ii' is preceded by an account of the foundation of the abbey in 973. The earlier names concur with those in the 12th-century lists and entries extend to John Ramsey, abbot from 1450 to 1457.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1916-1920 (London: British Museum Trustees, 1933), pp. 276-79.

English Benedictine Kalendars after A. D. 1100, ed. by Francis Wormald, 2 vols, Henry Bradshaw Society, 77, 81 (London: Harrison and Sons, 1934-1939), I, 129-30.

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen. 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), p. XXXVI.

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 131.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 189.

Francis Wormald, An Early Breton Gospel Book, ed. by Jonathan Alexander (Cambridge: Roxburghe Club, 1977), p. 13 n. 1.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 400, II, pl. 56.

Bonifatius Fischer, Die Lateinischen Evangelien bis zum 10. Jahrhundert, 4 vols (Freiburg: Herder, 1988-1991), I: Varianten zu Matthäus, Vetus Latina die Reste der Altlateinischen Bible: Aus der Geschichte der Lateinischen Bibel, p. 24*.

Cecily Clark, 'The Liber Vitae of Thorney Abbey' in Words, Names and History: Selected Writings of Cecily Clark, ed. by Peter Jackson (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1995), pp. 301-50.

Richard Marsden, 'Ask What I am Called': The Anglo-Saxons and Their Bibles', in The Bible as Book: The Manuscript Tradition, ed. by John L. Sharpe and Kimberly Van Kampen (London: British Library, 1998), pp. 145-76 (p.175).

Adam Cohen and E.C. Teviotdale, 'The Getty Anglo-Saxon Leaves and New Testament illustration around the year 1000', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits 53.1 (1999) 36-81 (p. 67, n. 22).

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 295.

Richard Gameson, 'The Insular Gospel Book at Hereford Cathedral', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits 56.1 (2002), 48-79, (p. 69, n. 109).

Louis Lemoine, 'Autour du Scriptorium de Landévennec' in Corona monastica: melanges offerts au pere Marc Simon, ed. by Louis Lemoine et Bernard Merdrignac, Britannia Monastica, 8 (Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2004), pp. 155-64 (pp. 156, 158-59, 161-62).

John Insley, 'The Scandinavian Personal Names in the Later Part of the Durham Liber Vitae' in The Durham 'Liber Vitae' and its context, ed. by D. Rollason and others (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2004), pp. 87-96 (pp. 92-96).

Simon Keynes, 'The Liber Vitae of the New Minster, Winchester' in The Durham 'Liber Vitae' and its context (see Rollason, above), pp. 149-63 (p. 153).

Richard Gameson, 'The circulation of books between England and the continent, c.871-c.1100 in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, 6 vols (Cambridge: University Press, 1999-2011), I: 1400-1557 (2011), ed. by Richard Gameson, pp 344-72 (p. 348).

Michael Gullick, 'Bookbindings' in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain (see Gameson, above), pp. 294-309 (p. 305, n. 67).

Richard Gameson, ‘Durham’s Paris Bible and the Use of Communal Bibles in a Benedictine Cathedral Priory in the Later Middle Ages’, in Form and Function in the Late Medieval Bible, ed. by Eyal Poleg and Laura Light (Leiden: Brill, 2013), pp. 67-104 (p. 69).

* * *
Book plates Sir Thomas Mostyn and the Gloddaeth Library

inside front cover
Book plates Sir Thomas Mostyn and the Gloddaeth Library
Thorney Liber Vitae

f. 1v
Thorney Liber Vitae
Description of binding.

f. 4
Description of binding.
Canon tables

f. 4v
Canon tables
List of relics

f. 11v
List of relics
Full page initial

f. 13
Full page initial
Genealogy of Christ

f. 13v
Genealogy of Christ
Full page-length initial

f. 34v
Full page-length initial
Decorated initial

f. 48
Decorated initial

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