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Detailed record for Additional 37517

Part 1 ff. 2-139 
Title Psalter, in the Roman version (ff. 4-95), with canticles (ff. 96-104), a short litany (f. 104), a hymnal (ff. 105-128) and monastic canticles (ff. 129-135); added calendar (ff. 2,3) (the 'Bosworth Psalter')
Origin England, S. E. (Canterbury?)
Date 4th quarter of the 10th century
Language Latin and Old English
Script Anglo-Saxon square minuscule
Decoration Very large initials with zoomorphic and/or interlace decoration at the beginning of Psalms 1, 51, 101, and 109 (ff. 4, 33, 64v, 74). Large initials in colours at the beginning of each psalm, some with human or animal heads as terminals (ff. 19-29) and/or foliate decoration. Initials in red at the beginning of each verse. Unfinished drawing in outline of Christ, probably added in the 12th century (f. 128v).
Dimensions in mm 395 x 265 (310 x 190) in two columns
Part 2 128v 
Title Added drawing of Christ
Origin England, S.E. (Canterbury?)
Date 12th century
Decoration Unfinished drawing in lead point of a seated Christ.
Official foliation ff. 139 (f. i is a parchment flyleaf + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. Both boards are probably contemporary and these were reversed and reused when the manuscript was rebound s.xiv-xv.
Provenance Perhaps made for Dunstan (d. before 988): it includes the recitation of the Office according to the Rule of St Benedict, then recently introduced into the monastic houses of England.
The text was adapted for use in the Benedictine Office and a calendar was added in 988-1012 at ?Christchurch, with Canterbury and Glastonbury saints (see Temple 1976).
Added Old English gloss to some of the Psalms and canticles (between ff. 32 and 103) and added Anglo-Saxon neums (ff. 106v 126v-127, 135) at the beginning of the 11th century.
Added litany (f. 104) and prayers (ff. 135v-139) at the beginning of the 11th century.
Added Anglo-Norman neums in the 2nd half of the 11th century (f. 61).
Added Latin gloss in the 12th century (ff. 4-32, 44-53).
Thomas Cranmer (b. 1489, d. 1556), archbishop of Canterbury, inscribed 'Thomas Cantuarien[sis]' (f. 2).
Henry FitzAlan, 12th earl of Arundel (b. 1512, d. 1580): inscribed 'Arundel' (f. 2); the Arundel collection bequeathed to Lord Lumley, his son-in-law.
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c.1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 2).
? Perhaps part of the library at Bosworth Hall from the family of Fortescue of Salden. In 1762 Elizabeth Fortescue owned the manor of Husbands-Bosworth; in 1763 she devised her estate to Francis Fortescue Turville.
Francis Fortescue Turvile of Bosworth Hall (d. 1830): his book-plate; by descent to Oswald Turville-Petre.
Oswald Turville-Petre (b. 1862, d. 1941) of Bosworth Hall: acquired from him by the British Museum in 1907.
Notes 29 Psalms and 6 canticles have an interlinear gloss in Old English (ff. 32, 34, 38v, 40, 43, 54v-55, 64v-65v, 77v-87, 90-92, 101-103).
The text of the Psalter was adapted for use in the Benedictine Office, according to Brown (2007).
The earliest English source for the 'New Hymnal'.
According to Temple (1976), the square minuscule script is closely related to the Sherborne Pontifical (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale MS lat. 943); both are written in a typical Canterbury hand of the late 10th century.
According to Ganz (2012) the scribe is the same as for the Dunstan charter of 962, (London, Westminster Abbey ms WAM VIII).
Select bibliography New Palaeographical Society: Facsimiles of Ancient Manuscripts, etc., ed. by Edward Maunde Thompson and others, First series, 2 vols, (London: [n. pub.], 1903-1912), 1 [-2], pls 163-64.

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1906-1910 (London: British Museum, 1912), pp. 65-67.

Abbot Gasquet and Edmund Bishop, The Bosworth Psalter (London: Bell and Sons, 1908).

Die altenglischen Glossen im Bosworth-Psalter, ed. by Uno L. Lindelof, Memoires de la Societe Neo-Philologique de Helsingfors, 5 (Helsinfors: Socie´te´ Neophilologique, 1909) [edition of the text].

British Museum Bible Exhibition 1911: Guide to the Manuscripts and Printed Books exhibited in Celebration of the Tercentenary of the Authorized Version (London: British Museum, 1911), no. 19.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 3, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1925), pl. 5.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), p. 106.

The Monastic Breviary of Hyde Abbey, Winchester: MSS. Rawlinson Liturg. e. 1*, and Gough Liturg. 8, in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, ed. by J.B.L. Tolhurst, Henry Bradshaw Society, 69-71, 76, 78, 80, 6 vols (London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1932-42), VI, p. 238.

D. Talbot Rice, English Art 871-1100 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1952), p. 196, pl. 57b.

T.S.R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 47 n. 2.

N.R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 129.

Cecilia Sisam and Kenneth Sisam, The Salisbury Psalter, edited from Salisbury Cathedral MS. 150, Early English Text Society, 242 (London: Oxford University Press, 1959), p. ix.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N.R. Ker, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3, 2nd edn (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 42.

Michael Korhammer, 'The Origin of the Bosworth Psalter', Anglo-Saxon England, 2 (1973), 173-87.

Graham Pollard, 'Some Anglo-Saxon Bookbindings', The Book Collector, 24 (1975), 130-59 (pp. 149-50).

Die monastischen Cantica im Mittelalter und ihre altenglische Interlinearversion: Studien und Textausgabe, ed. by Michael Korhammer (Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 1976).

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), no. 22; pp. 12, 57, 62, 63, 72, 75, 77.

J.J.G. Alexander, 'Scribes as Artists: The Arabesque Initial in Twelfth-Century English Manuscripts', in Medieval Scribes, Manuscripts & Libraries: Essays Presented to N.R. Ker, ed. by M.B. Parkes and Andrew G. Watson (London: Scolar Press, 1978), pp. 87-116 (p. 97).

The Stowe Psalter, ed. by Andrew C. Kimmens, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979), p. x.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts, The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), no. 381.

Nigel Morgan, 'Notes on the Post-Conquest Calendar, Litany and Martyrology of the Cathedral Priory of Winchester with a Consideration of Winchester Diocese Calendars of the Pre-Sarum period', in The Vanishing Past: Medieval Studies Presented to Chrisopher Hohler, ed. by Alan Borg and Andrew Martindale (Oxford: B.A.R., 1981), pp. 133-74 (p. 165).

Anne Lawrence, ‘Manuscripts of Early Anglo-Norman Canterbury’, in Medieval Art and Architecture at Canterbury before 1220, ed. by Nicola Coldstream and Peter Draper, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions, 5, 1979 (Leeds: Maney and Son, 1982), pp. 101-11 (p. 102).

Gernot R. Wieland, The Canterbury Hymnal, edited from British Library Ms. Additional 37517 (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1982) [ff. 105-128].

The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art 966-1066, ed. by Janet Backhouse, D.H. Turner, and Leslie Webster (London: British Museum, 1984), no. 36, pl. V [exhibition catalogue].

Michelle Brown, A Guide to Western Historical Scripts from Antiquity to 1600 (London: British Library, 1990), no. 21.

Michael Gullick, Calligraphy (London: Studio Editions, 1990), pl. 11.

Michelle Brown, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts (London: British Library, 1991), pl. 35.

David N. Dumville, 'On the Dating of some Late Anglo-Saxon Liturgical Manuscripts', Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 10 (1991-95), pp. 40-57 (p. 45).

Anglo-Saxon Litanies of the Saints, ed. by Michael Lapidge, Henry Bradshaw Society, 106 (London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1991), p. 67.

Biblical Commentaries from the Canterbury School of Theodore and Hadrian, ed. by Bernhard Bischoff and Michael Lapidge, Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England, 10 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), p. 83 n. 4.

Phillip Pulsiano, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile, Volume 2: Psalters I, Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 137 (Binghamton, NY: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1994), pp. 1-12.

Phillip Pulsiano, 'Psalters', in The Liturgical Books of Anglo-Saxon England, ed. by Richard W. Pfaff, Old English Newsletter Subsidia, 23 (Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1995), pp. 61-86 (p. 63).

Richard Gameson, ‘Book Production and Decoration at Worcester in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries’, in St Oswald of Worcester: Life and Influence, ed. by Nicholas Brooks and Catherine Cubitt, Studies in the Early History of Britain, The Makers of England, 2 (London: Leicester University Press, 1996), pp. 194-243 (p. 201).

David G. Selwyn, The Library of Thomas Cranmer (Oxford: The Oxford Bibliographical Society, 1996), pp. xix n., xl n., lix n., 168-69.

George Brown, 'The Psalms as the Foundation of Anglo-Saxon Learning', in The Place of the Psalms in the Intellectual Culture of the Middle Ages, ed. by Nancy Van Deusen (Albany: State University of New York, 1999), pp. 1-24 (p. 7).

Michelle P. Brown and Patricia Lovett, The Historical Source Book for Scribes (London: British Library, 1999), pl. on p. 24.

Mechthild Gretsch, The Intellectual Foundations of the English Benedictine Reform (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp. 19, 26, 27, 40, 282, 283, 328.

Richard Gameson, 'Books, Culture and the Church in Canterbury around the Millennium', in Vikings, Monks and the Millennium: Canterbury in about 1000 A.D., Lectures delivered to the Canterbury Archaeological Society, 30 March 2000 (Tenterden: Canterbury Archaeological Society, 2000), pp. 15-41 (p. 31, pl. 4).

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 291.

The Leofric Missal I, ed. by Nicholas Orchard, Henry Bradshaw Society, 113 (London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 2002), pp. 8, 54, 158-84.

Diane Reilly, ‘French Romanesque Giant Bibles’, Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 56 (2002), 294-311 (p. 294 n. 1).

Rebecca Rushforth, An Atlas of Saints in Anglo-Saxon Calendars, ASNC Guides Texts and Studies, 6 (Cambridge: University of Cambridge, Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic, 2002), no. 9.

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 221.

K.D. Hartzell, Catalogue of Manuscripts Written or Owned in England up to 1200 containing Music (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006), p. 218, no. 122.

Michelle P. Brown, Manuscripts from the Anglo-Saxon Age (London: British Library, 2007), p. 89, pl. on p. 113.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 47, fig. 34.

Richard Gameson, The Earliest Books of Canterbury Cathedral: Manuscripts and Fragments to c. 1200 (London: Bibliographical Society, 2008), p. 123.

Richard Gameson, 'The material fabric of early British books', in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, 6 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999-2012), I: c. 400-1100, ed. by Richard Gameson (2012), pp. 13-93, (pp. 39, n. 100, 67, n.233, 80, n. 283).

Richard Gameson, 'Anglo-Saxon scribes and scriptoria', in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, 6 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999-2012), I: c. 400-1100, ed. by Richard Gameson (2012), pp. 94-120 (p. 114, n. 81).

David Ganz, 'Square Minuscule', in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, 6 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999-2012), I: c. 400-1100, ed. by Richard Gameson (2012), pp. 188-96 (p. 194).

Richard Gameson, 'Book decoration in England, c. 871-1100', in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, 6 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999-2012), I: c. 400-1100, ed. by Richard Gameson (2012), pp. 249-93 (p. 262).

Michael Gullick, 'Bookbindings' in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, 6 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999-2012), I: c. 400-1100, ed. by Richard Gameson (2012), pp. 294-309 (p. 299).


Part  1   ff. 2-139
Psalter, in the Roman version (ff. 4-95), with canticles (ff. 96-104), a short litany (f. 104), a hymnal (ff. 105-128) and monastic canticles (ff. 129-135); added calendar (ff. 2,3) (the 'Bosworth Psalter')
* * *

f. 2
Decorated initial

f. 4
Decorated initial
Painted initials

f. 13
Painted initials
Zoo-anthromorphic initial

f. 20
Zoo-anthromorphic initial
Psalm 44

f. 29
Psalm 44
Decorated initial

f. 33
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 33
Decorated initial
Large decorated initial

f. 64v
Large decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 105
Decorated initial
Incomplete initials

f. 135v
Incomplete initials

Part  2   128v
Added drawing of Christ
* * *
Christ enthroned

f. 128v
Christ enthroned

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