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Detailed record for Royal 2 B XIV

Title Psalter, with 12 Canticles, Litany, and Office of the Dead, use of Sarum
Origin England, S. (London?)
Date c. 1426 - before 1458
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 8 large foliate initials with full or partial foliate borders in colours and gold, at the beginning of major Psalm divisions (ff. 7, 22v, 32v, 41v, 51, 63, 74, 86), with the arms of Isabel, sister of Richard, duke of York, aunt of Edward IV impaled by those of her husband, Henry Bourchier, 1st earl of Essex (f. 7). 'Champ' initials in gold on rose and blue grounds with penwork decoration in white and foliate extensions, at the beginning of other Psalms and in the calendar. Smaller initials in gold with blue pen-flourishing, or in blue with red pen-flourishing, at the beginning of verses. Line-fillers in gold and blue.
Dimensions in mm 315 x 210 (200 x 110), in one column
Official foliation ff. 135 (+ 4 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning; f. 135 is a medieval parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house
Provenance Isabel (d. 1484), sister of Richard, duke of York, and aunt of Edward IV, probably made for her after her marriage to Henry Bourchier, 1st earl of Essex (b. c.1408, d.1483) in 1426: her arms and badge impaled by those of her husband (f. 7), and a drawing of their badges, a fetterlock and a knot combined (f. 134); copied before 1458: added obit of her second son Henry (12th August, 1458), 'Obitus Henrici Bourg/chier filii d[omi]ne Isabelle / Comitisse Essex[ensis] et / sororis Rica[rdi] Ducis / Ebor[is] Anno D[omi]ni m[illesi]mo / cccc mo quinquagesimo / octavo' (f. 4v); added obits of her brother Richard, duke of York, and of her 6th son Edward, both killed at the battle of Wakefield (30th December 1460), 'Obitus Rica[rdi] Ducis Ebor[is] / Anno D[omi]ni Mill[es]imo cccc mo / Sexagesimo / Edwardus Bourgchier / filius d[omi]ne Isabelle comi/tisse Essex[ensis] et Sororis / eiusdem duciis, obiit eisdem / die et anno suprascript[is]' (f. 6v).
Added obit of Henry Bourchier, 1st earl of Essex (4th April, 1483), 'Obitus illustrissimi / d[omi]ni d[omi]ni Henrici Bourgch[ie]r[is] / comitis Essex[ensis] l[itte]ra d[omi]nicali C / A'nn]o D[omi]ni M[illesi]mo cccc mo/ lxxxiii°', (f. 2v).
Added obit of Isabel (2nd October 1484), 'Obitus illustrissime d[omi]ne / d[omi]ne Isabelle comitisse / Essex[ensis] consortis Henrici / Bourgchier comiti / Essex[ensis] l[itte]ra d[omi]nicali B? A[nn]o / D[omi]ni M[illesi]mo cccc mo lxxxiiii'. (f. 5v).
Thomas Bourchier, 5th son of Isabel, inscribed with his name 'Sir T[homas] Bourgchier' (f. 135); added dates of birth of his daughter Isabel, (24th April), 'xxiiito die aprilis anno d[omi]ni mill[esi]mo / ccccmo lxxiiiito l[itte]ra d[omi]nicali B nata /est Isabella Bourgchier filia / Thomis Bourgchier militis et / Isabelle consortis ...' (f. 2v); and of his daughter Johanna (18th March, 1475?), 'xviii° die martii anno d[omi]ni mill[esi]mo / cccc° / lxxiiii l[itte]ra d[omi]nicali A nata est Johanna / Bourgchier...' (f. 2); and added obit of his wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir John Barre (1st March 1488), 'P[ri]mo die martii anno d[omi]ni mill[esi]mo cccc mo / octogesimo octavo, Anno regni Regis / Henri[ci] vii mi quarto l[itte]ra d[omi]nicali d. obiit / Isabella Barre? imp comitissa Devon[ensis] / ac imp consors Thome Bourgchier /...' (f. 2).
Added two prayers for a deceased woman, 'Quesumus domine pro tua pietate miserere anime famule tue', and for deceased parents, 15th century (ff. 133v-134).
A fifteenth century reader numbered the Psalms in the margins.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes a calendar (ff. 1-6v), 12 canticles (ff. 111v-121v), litany with prayers (ff. 122-126v), and the Hours of the Dead (ff. 126v-133v).
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 49.

L.S. Woodger, ‘Henry Bourgchier, Earl of Essex, and his Family (1408-83),’ (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Oxford, 1974).

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), p. 190.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library. 2000), p. xxxvi, n. 48.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 34.
Last revised: 01 June 2011


Images
* * *
 
January

f. 1
January
February

f. 1v
February
March

f. 2
March
 
April

f. 2v
April
May

f. 3
May
June

f. 3v
June
 
July

f. 4
July
August

f. 4v
August
September

f. 5
September
 
October

f. 5v
October
November

f. 6
November
December

f. 6v
December
 
Foliate initial

f. 7
Foliate initial
Ownership inscription

f. 135
Ownership inscription

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