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Detailed record for Additional 47682

Title Bible (the 'Holkham Bible Picture Book')
Origin England, S. E. (London?)
Date c 1327-1335
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration Tinted drawings on every folio illustrating Genesis to Noah (ff. 1-9); a Gospel Harmony (ff. 10-38); and the Last Things (ff. 39-42), with short explanatory French text, sometimes in verse.
Dimensions in mm 285 x 210 (265 x 200)
Official foliation ff. ii + 42 (f. i is a paste-down; f. ii is the first front flyleaf; + 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and 2 at the end),
Collation i7(ff. 1-7; first leaf added), ii2(ff. 8-9), iii-viii4(ff 10-33), ix5(ff. 34-38), x4(ff. 39-42).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600.
Provenance An unknown Dominican friar probably commissioned this work: a friar next to a speech scroll inscribed: 'Ore feres bien e nettement car mustre serra a riche gent' ('Now do it well and thoroughly, for it will be shown to important people'); with an artist whose speech scroll is inscribed: ‘Si frai voyre e Deux me doynt vivere Nonkes ne veyses un autretel livere’ ('Indeed, I certainly will, if God lets me live, never will you see another such book') (f. 1r).
Thomas William Coke, 4th Earl of Leicester of Holkham (b. 1880, d. 1949); his crested label and a note in his hand, 'This Book was purchased by Mr Roscoe, for Thos. Coke, 1816' (f. i verso);
In the library of Holkham Hall, Norfolk from 1816 to 1952: formerly Holkham Manuscript 666 (number in pencil on f. ii).
Acquired by the British Museum in 1952 as part of a purchase of twelve Holkham manuscripts, with the assistance of the National Art Collections Fund, the Pilgrim Trust and Friends of the National Libraries.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Select bibliography L. Dorez, Les Manuscrits à Peintures de la Bibliothèque de Lord Leicester à Holkham (Paris, 1908), pls. xxiii-xxviii.

George Frederick Warner, Queen Mary's Psalter (1912), pp. 10-15, 28, 30.

C. W. James, 'Some notes upon the Manuscript Library at Holkham', The Library, 4th ser., ii, (1922), pp. 232, 233.

Montague Rhodes James, 'An English Bible-Picture Book of the fourteenth century (Holkham MS. 666)', The Walpole Society, 11 (1922-3), 1-27.

Seymour de Ricci, William Roscoe and Frederic Madden. A handlist of manuscripts in the library of the Earl of Leicester at Holkham Hall (Oxford, 1932), p. 56.

William Owen Hassall, The Holkham Bible Picture Book (London, 1954), [Facsimile].

T. A. J. Burnett, 'The Undeciphered Inscriptions in the Holkham Bible Picture Book', British Museum Quarterly 26 (1962-3), 26-27.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: the Middle Ages, 2nd edn (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 135, 204, pl. 138.

[D. H. Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 5 (London: British Museum, 1965), pl. 22.

Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), no. 25.

Francis Klingender, Animals in Art and Thought to the end of the Middle Ages, ed. by Evelyn Antal and John Harthan (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971), pp. 412-13, pl. 243.

Frederick P. Pickering, The Anglo-Norman Text of the Holkham Bible Picture Book, Anglo-Norman Text Society, 23 (Oxford, 1971).

John Block Friedman, 'The architect's compass in the creation miniatures of the later middle ages',Traditio, 30 (1974),419-29 (p. 424).

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts, 1951-1955 (London: British Library, 1982), pp. 54-56.

Lucy Freeman Sandler, Gothic Manuscripts 1285-1385, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 5 (London: Harvey Miller, 1986), II, no. 97.

The Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagent England 1200-1400, ed. by Jonathan Alexander and Paul Binski (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1987), no. 221 [exhibition catalogue].

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), p. 54, 164 n. 26, fig. 77.

Michelle P. Brown, 'The Role of the Wax Tablets in Medieval Literacy: A Reconsideration in Light of a Recent Find from York', The British Library Journal, 20 (1994), 1-16 (p. 10, fig. 8).

C. M.Kauffmann, 'Art and Popular Culture: New Themes in the Holkham Bible Picture Book', in Studies in Medieval Art and Architecture Presented to Peter Lasko, ed. by D. Buckton and T.A. Heslop (London, 1994), pp. 46-69.

Ruth Dean and Maureen Bolton, Anglo-Norman Literature, A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), no. 472.

John Higgitt, The Murthly Hours: Devotion, Literacy and Luxury in Paris, England and the Gaelic West (London: British Library, 2000), pp. 232, 271 n. 40.

C. M. Kauffmann, Biblical Imagery in Medieval England 700-1500 (London: Harvey Miller, 2003), pp. 231-37, pls 173-236.

Paul Binski, Becket’s Crown: Art and Imagination in Gothic England 1170-1300 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), pl. 182.

Alixe Bovey, The Chaworth Roll: A fourteenth-century Genealogy of the Kings of England (London: Sam Fogg, 2004), p. 17, fig. 12.

Nigel J. Morgan, 'The Torments of the Damned in Hell in Texts and Images in England in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries', in Prophecy, Apocalypse and the Day of Doom, Proceedings of the 2000 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Nigel Morgan (Donington: Shaun tyas, 2004), pp. 250-60 (p. 260).

Ian Short, 'Introduction, The Texts', in The Trinity Apocalypse (Trinity College Cambridge, MS R.16.2) (London: British Library, 2005), pp. 123-36 (p. 135).

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 126-27, figs. 113-14.

Sacred: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and their Sacred Texts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 122 [exhibition catalogue].

Michelle Brown, The Holkham Bible: A Facsimile (London, British Library, 2007). [facsimile]

Richard K. Emmerson, 'Visualizing the Vernacular: Middle English in early fourteenth-century bilingual and trilingual Manuscript Illustrations', in Tributes to Lucy Freeman Sandler: Studies in Illuminated Manuscripts, ed. by Kathryn A. Smith and Carol H. Krinsky (London: Harvey Miller, 2007), pp. 187-204 (p. 193).

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pls 21, 24, 42, 43.

Herbert L. Kessler, ‘Evil Eye(ing): Romanesque Art as A Shield of Faith’, in Romanesque: Art and Thought in the Twelfth Century: Essays in Honor of Walter Cahn, ed. by Colum Hourihane, Index of Christian Art Occasional Papers, 10 (Princeton: Index of Christian Art, 2008), pp. 107-35 (p. 123).

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 7.

John Lowden, ‘The Holkham Bible Picture Book and the Bible Moralisée’, in The Medieval Book: Glosses from Friends and Colleagues of Christopher de Hamel, ed. by James H. Marrow, Richard A. Linenthal, and William Noel (Houten, 2010), pp. 75-83.

Jeffrey F. Hamburger and Nigel F. Palmer, The Prayer Book of Ursula Begerin, 2 vols (Dietikon-Zurich: Urs Graf, 2015), I, pp. 169, 173, 211, 312, 247, 253, 279, 328; figs. 194, 271, 276, 336, 390.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, The Art of the Bible: Illuminated Manuscripts from the Medieval World (London: Thames and Hudson, 2016), pp.230-35.


Images
* * *
 
Dominican friar and artist

f. 1
Dominican friar and artist
Wheel of Fortune

f. 1v
Wheel of Fortune
God the Creator

f. 2
God the Creator
 
Creation

f. 2v
Creation
Adam and Eve

f. 3
Adam and Eve
The Tree of Knowledge

f. 3v
The Tree of Knowledge
 
The Transgression and Expulsion

f. 4
The Transgression and Expulsion
After the fall

f. 4v
After the fall
Cain and Abel

f. 5
Cain and Abel
 
The murder of Abel.

f. 5v
The murder of Abel.
Cain

f. 6
Cain
Lamech and Noah

f. 7
Lamech and Noah
 
Noah and the ark

f. 7v
Noah and the ark
The dove and the raven

f. 8
The dove and the raven
Noah

f. 8
Noah
 
Noah after the flood

f. 8v
Noah after the flood
Drunkenness of Noah

f. 9
Drunkenness of Noah
Tree of Jesse

f. 10
Tree of Jesse
 
Genealogy of Christ

f. 10v
Genealogy of Christ
Mark and Luke

f. 11
Mark and Luke
John; Satan and Christ; the Annunciation

f. 11v
John; Satan and Christ; the Annunciation
 
Joseph and Mary

f. 12
Joseph and Mary
The Visitation; the Nativity

f. 12v
The Visitation; the Nativity
The Visitation of the shepherds

f. 13
The Visitation of the shepherds
 
The Circumcision; the Magi

f. 13v
The Circumcision; the Magi
The Flight into Egypt; Joseph and Mary are robbed

f. 14
The Flight into Egypt; Joseph and Mary are robbed
Miraclesduring the Flight to Egypt

f. 14v
Miraclesduring the Flight to Egypt
 
Three further miracles

f. 15
Three further miracles
Five miracles of Christ's infancy

f. 15v
Five miracles of Christ's infancy
Two further miracles from Christ's childhood

f. 16
Two further miracles from Christ's childhood
 
Herod kills his sons

f. 16v
Herod kills his sons
Herod's suicide; Archelaus; the Virgin and Child

f. 17
Herod's suicide; Archelaus; the Virgin and Child
The return from Egypt; Christ in the temple.

f. 17v
The return from Egypt; Christ in the temple.
 
Christ's childhood; John the Baptist prophesied

f. 18
Christ's childhood; John the Baptist prophesied
John the Baptist

f. 18v
John the Baptist
John preaching; the Baptism of Christ; the Temptation

f. 19
John preaching; the Baptism of Christ; the Temptation
 
Temptations; conversions by John the Baptist

f. 19v
Temptations; conversions by John the Baptist
The Disciples; Christ in the Temple

f. 20
The Disciples; Christ in the Temple
Nicodemus; the marriage at Cana

f. 20v
Nicodemus; the marriage at Cana
 
John the Baptist and Salome; Christ is told

f. 21
John the Baptist and Salome; Christ is told
Salome's dance; the death of St John the Baptist

f. 21v
Salome's dance; the death of St John the Baptist
The Disciples fishing; the miraculous catch

f. 22
The Disciples fishing; the miraculous catch
 
St Peter; Christ preaching

f. 22v
St Peter; Christ preaching
The Sermon on the Mount; three miracles.

f. 23
The Sermon on the Mount; three miracles.
Christ healing and casting out devils

f. 23v
Christ healing and casting out devils
 
Calming the storm; the Gadarene swine

f. 24
Calming the storm; the Gadarene swine
Christ healing ; the woman of Samaria

f. 24v
Christ healing ; the woman of Samaria
Christ's ministry

f. 25
Christ's ministry
 
Mary Magdalene; Martha and Mary

f. 25v
Mary Magdalene; Martha and Mary
The entry into Jerusalem

f. 26
The entry into Jerusalem
Christ and the Pharisees

f. 26v
Christ and the Pharisees
 
Three parables

f. 27
Three parables
Christ and the Saracens, Sadducees and Pharisees

f. 27v
Christ and the Saracens, Sadducees and Pharisees
The Last Supper

f. 28
The Last Supper
 
Christ and the disciples; Gethsemane

f. 28v
Christ and the disciples; Gethsemane
The Betrayal

f. 29
The Betrayal
Christ scourged; Peter's denial

f. 29v
Christ scourged; Peter's denial
 
Death of Judas; Pilate

f. 30
Death of Judas; Pilate
Herod and Pilate;  the Flagellation

f. 30v
Herod and Pilate; the Flagellation
Christ and the Cross

f. 31
Christ and the Cross
 
The Crucifixion

f. 31v
The Crucifixion
The Crucifixion

f. 32
The Crucifixion
The Crucifixion

f. 32v
The Crucifixion
 
The Deposition

f. 33
The Deposition
The Entombment

f. 33v
The Entombment
The Harrowing of Hell

f. 34
The Harrowing of Hell
 
The Resurrection

f. 34v
The Resurrection
Mary Magdalene, Peter and John

f. 35
Mary Magdalene, Peter and John
Mary Magelene meets Christ; the guards are bribed

f. 35v
Mary Magelene meets Christ; the guards are bribed
 
The dinner at Emmaus

f. 36
The dinner at Emmaus
Christ appears at Jerusalem; doubting Thomas

f. 36v
Christ appears at Jerusalem; doubting Thomas
The resurrected Christ at the lake

f. 37
The resurrected Christ at the lake
 
Christ and Peter

f. 37v
Christ and Peter
The Ascension

f. 38
The Ascension
Christ's prophesies; martyrdom of Zachariah

f. 39
Christ's prophesies; martyrdom of Zachariah
 
Destruction of the temple and prophecies of doom

f. 39v
Destruction of the temple and prophecies of doom
Battles prophesied

f. 40
Battles prophesied
The first five signs before Judgement Day

f. 40v
The first five signs before Judgement Day
 
Signs of Judgement Day

f. 41
Signs of Judgement Day
Signs of Judgement Day

f. 41v
Signs of Judgement Day
Judgement Day

f. 42
Judgement Day
 
Christ in Judgement

f. 42v
Christ in Judgement

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