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Detailed record for Royal 10 A XIII

Author Smaragdus of St Mihiel
Title Expositio in Regulam S. Benedicti
Origin England, S. E. (Canterbury, Christ Church)
Date c. 1170 - c. 1180
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Miniature in colours and gold of Dunstan, at the beginning of the text (f. 2v). 2 foliate initials in colours, at the beginning of the preface and the text (f. 3). Initials in red, blue or green.
Dimensions in mm 245 x 175 (160 x 110)
Official foliation ff. 156 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1957; f. 2 kept separately.
Provenance The Benedictine cathedral priory of Holy Trinity or Christ Church, Canterbury: inscribed [under erasure] 'Liber Ricardi ...ham monachi' and 'ecc[lesi]e xp[ist]I cantuar[ie]', with a title 'Expo[s]it[i]o s[anc]ti du[n]stani sup[er] regula[m] s[anc]ti B[e]n[e]d[ic]ti', 14th century (f. 1), and a shelfmark 'D. III. g. XII' with a title 'Expositio su[per] Reg[u]lam beati Benedicti. nova', 12th century (f. 2); included in Henry of Eastry's catalogue of the early 14th century, no. 139.
Added foliation and chapter numbers, 14th century.
Thomas Cranmer (b. 1489, d. 1556), archbishop of Canterbury: inscribed with his name (f. 3).
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 2); listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 319 (see The Lumley Library, 1956); his library acquired by Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: his collection became part of the Royal Library: in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 4v.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes Expositio in Regulam S. Benedicti of Smaragdus, abbot of St Mihiel (d. c. 830).
The prefatory miniature of Dunstan (f. 2) is painted on a singleton and kept separately.
Select bibliography Joseph Strutt, Horda Angel-cynnan: or a Complete View of the Manners, Customs, Arms, Habits, etc. of the Inhabitants of England, from the arrival of the Saxons till the reign of Henry the Eighth, 3 vols (London: White, 1775-6), II (1775), pl. II, 39, 40.

M. R. James, The Ancient Libraries of Canterbury and Dover (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1903), p. 31.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 309.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), p. 89 pl. 59a.

Guide to an Exhibition of English Art gathered from Various Departments and held in the Prints and Drawings Gallery (London: British Museum, 1934.), no. 104.

C. R. Dodwell, The Canterbury School of Illumination 1066-1200 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954), pp. 112, 122, pl. 68a.

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 66.

Paul Meyvaert, 'Towards a History of The Textual Transmission of the Regula S. Benedicti', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 17 (1963) 83-106 (p. 102, n. 77).

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 37.

C. M. Kauffmann, Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190 Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 3 (London: Harvey Miller, 1975), no. 92.

English Romanesque Art 1066-1200, Hayward Gallery, London 5 April-8 July 1984 (London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1984), no. 71 [exhibition catalogue].

David N. Dumville, English Caroline Script and Monastic History: Studies in Benedictinism AD 950-1030 (Suffolk: The Boydell Press, 1993), pp. 8 n. 4, 98 n. 77..

Mildred Budny and Timothy Graham, 'Dunstan as Hagiographical Subject or Osbern as Author? The Scribal Portrait in an Early Copy of Osbern's Vita Sancti Dunstani', Gesta, 32 (1993), 83-98 (p. 88, fig. 7).

David G. Selwyn, The Library of Thomas Cranmer (Oxford: The Oxford Bibliographical Society, 1996), pp. 183-84, 259.

Asa Simon Mittman, Maps and Monsters in Medieval England (New York: Routledge, 2006), pl. 9.3.

St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, ed. by B. C. Barker-Benfield, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 13, 3 vols (London: British Library, 2008), pp. 1723-24.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 101 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 22 September 2009

* * *

f. 2

f. 2v
Decorated initials

f. 3
Decorated initials
Decorated initial

f. 3
Decorated initial
Coloured initials

f. 27v
Coloured initials

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