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  • Illuminated copy of William of Malmesbury’s Deeds ...

    Manuscript Created date: 4th quarter of the 12th century

    The Deeds of the Kings of the English is an early 12th-century account of the kings of England. Composed by the Anglo-No...

  • Illuminated Gospel-book with patristic excerpts

    Manuscript Created date: 12th century

    This nicely illuminated gospel book that once contained some exquisite portraits of the evangelists closes with a short...

  • Illustrated account on cautery points and medical...

    Manuscript Created date: 1st quarter of the 12th century

    Large, clear drawings in this medical textbook show the application of cautery, or the drawing from the body of sick or ...

  • Illustrated copy of Geoffrey of Monmouth’s History...

    Manuscript Created date: 2nd half of the 12th century

    The History of the Kings of Britain by the Anglo-Norman cleric, Geoffrey of Monmouth (b. c. 1100, d. 1154) was an enormo...

  • Justinian’s Digest

    Manuscript Created date: 3rd quarter of the 12th century

    The Digest consists of a summary of classical legal texts compiled during Eastern Roman emperor Justinian I’s reign (r. ...

  • Liturgical roll from the 12th century

    Manuscript Created date: 12th century

    The liturgy, or religious service, of the Greek Orthodox Church was often recorded on a parchment roll, rather than in c...

  • Maimonides’ responsum

    Manuscript Created date: 1150–1204

    Moses Maimonides’ autograph responsum (reply) to a question referred to him by a rabbinical court. The case referred to...

  • Montpellier Bible (first of two volumes)

    Manuscript Created date: 1st quarter of the 12th century

    The Montpellier Bible is a copy of the Bible in Latin, in two volumes. It is a monumental work, measuring 510 x 365 mm. ...

  • Octateuch with catena

    Manuscript Created date: 12th-13th century

    This oversize volume was created in the 12th or 13th century and contains the first eight books of the Septuagint (the G...

  • Old Testament Lectionary

    Manuscript Created date: 12th century

    While the majority of Byzantine lectionaries in the British Library collections consist of readings from the Gospels, le...

  • Origen, Homilies on the Old Testament

    Manuscript Created date: Mid-12th century

    Origen of Alexandria (d. c. 253) is considered the father of biblical exegesis (the interpretation of the Bible). Origen...

  • Osbern of Canterbury, Life of St Dunstan

    Manuscript Created date: c. 1090–Early 12th century

    Osbern (b. c. 1050, d. c. 1090) was an English monk of Christ Church, Canterbury, known for writing a Life of Archbishop...

  • Part of a Babylonian Talmud

    Manuscript Created date: 1100–1299

    A codex of the Talmud, produced in the 12th or 13th century. What is the Talmud? The Talmud (meaning ‘learning’) is the...

  • Passionale (Lives of Saints)

    Manuscript Created date: 12th century

    The initials beginning each saint’s life in this volume are historiated, containing visual synopses of the stories relat...

  • Penitential works

    Manuscript Created date: Mid-12th century

    A colourful, gilded image portraying a kneeling monk in a black robe offering a book to St Peter and St John the Evangel...