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  • 12th-century calendar and annals

    Manuscript Created date: Late 12th century–Early 13th century

    In the Middle Ages, as today, calendars served to organise time into days and months. This fragment collection contains...

  • 12th-century Horologion

    Manuscript Created date: 12th century

    A Horologion, or Book of Hours, contains the outline of the services (aside from those relating to the Eucharist) of the...

  • 12th-century miscellany of Latin texts

    Manuscript Created date: Early 12th century

    The oldest surviving copy of the History of the Britons (Historia Brittonum) is found in a miscellany of late Antique an...

  • Amalarius of Metz, De Ecclesiasticis officiis

    Manuscript Created date: c. 1100

    Amalarius of Metz (d. c. 850) was one of the great writers of the Carolingian age. He participated actively in political...

  • Anselm of Canterbury's theological treatises

    Manuscript Created date: 4th quarter of the 12th century

    This composite volume, consisting of two originally separate booklets, contains seven of Anselm’s thirteen scholarly tre...

  • Askew Gospel Book

    Manuscript Created date: 12th century

    This 12th-century Gospel book (now divided into two volumes) was copied by the monk Gregory. A note at the end of the se...

  • Astronomical texts

    Manuscript Created date: 12th century

    Astronomy, the science of the stars, was an important part of the early medieval curriculum. This astronomical collectio...

  • Baudri of Bourgueil, History of Jerusalem

    Manuscript Created date: 2nd half of the 12th century

    The Historia Hierosolimitana (History of Jerusalem) is one of the most sophisticated accounts of the First Crusade (1095...

  • Bestiary, with extracts from Gerald of Wales

    Manuscript Created date: Late 12th-century–early 13th century

    A bestiary contains Christian allegorical lessons based on the characteristics and habits of animals found in nature and...

  • Bilingual Psalter

    Manuscript Created date: 4th quarter of the 12th century

    Produced in England during the last quarter of the 12th century, this manuscript is one of only a few bilingual Psalters...

  • Boethius, De institutione arithmetica

    Manuscript Created date: 3rd quarter of the 12th century

    Written by the sixth-century Roman philosopher Boethius, De institutione arithmetica (On Arithmetic) was the principal m...

  • Canterbury or Anglo-Catalan Psalter

    Manuscript Created date: 4th quarter of the 12th century

    The Canterbury Psalter is amongst the most lavishly illustrated of English manuscripts. The luxurious decoration is part...

  • Cartulary of Reading Abbey

    Manuscript Created date: 1190–1199

    The 12th-century Cartulary of Reading Abbey gives a list of works held at the medieval libraries at Reading Abbey and Le...

  • Chartres Bible (first of two volumes)

    Manuscript Created date: Mid-12th century

    The 12th century saw the production of large-format ‘giant’ Bibles. In part, their popularity was due to the needs of ne...

  • Chartres Bible (second of two volumes)

    Manuscript Created date: Mid-12th century

    Named after its probable place of origin, The Chartres Bible is divided in two volumes. (The first is now BnF, Latin 55)...