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  • 14th-century Greek New Testament

    Manuscript Created date: 14th century

    Most Greek manuscripts of the Bible tend only to include a small sub-section of biblical books, for instance, the four G...

  • 14th-century Mamluk Qur’an

    Manuscript Created date: 1300–1399

    This 14th-century Qur’an from Egypt. The manuscript This Qur’an is written in muhaqqaq script, with ornamental chapter ...

  • 14th-century Wycliffite Bible

    Manuscript Created date: 1375–1425

    This is a manuscript copy of the ‘Wycliffite Bible’ – the first complete copy of the Bible in the English language. Why...

  • Ascetical works by Matthew of Ephesos

    Manuscript Created date: 14th century

    Matthew of Ephesus (also known as Manuel Gabalas) was a cleric and scholar in the turbulent world of 14th-century Byzant...

  • Barcelona Haggadah

    Manuscript, Illuminated manuscript, Illumination Created date: 14th Century

    A highly illuminated medieval Spanish Hagadah. What is the Hagadah? The Hagadah (plural Hagadot), which literally mean...

  • Constantine Manasses, Chronicle

    Manuscript Created date: 1312-13

    While most works of history in the Byzantine world were composed in prose, Constantine Manasses (c. 1130-c. 1187) wrote...

  • Dawes Illuminated Gospel-book

    Manuscript Created date: 1314-15

    Created in the early 14th century, probably on Cyprus, this manuscript of the Gospels contains illuminations of the four...

  • Decretals of Pope Boniface VIII

    Manuscript Created date: 2nd half of the 14th century

    As the head of the Catholic Church, the Pope led one of the most powerful institutions of the Middle Ages, making laws t...

  • Islamic map of the western Mediterranean

    Map Created date: 14th century

    This page from a Persian copy of a 10th-century atlas in the British Library's India Office collections is typical of Is...

  • John Dee's spirit mirror

    Object Created date: 14th–16th century

    This black spirit mirror and other magical objects are thought to have been owned by John Dee (1527–1608/9), the Elizabe...

  • Pentateuch scroll with silk mantle

    Manuscript, Scroll, Textile Created date: scroll c. 1300–1399

    A 14th-century Torah Scroll from the Iberian Peninsula, complete with mantle. What is the Torah Scroll? The Torah Scroll...

  • Pentateuch with a commentary by Rashi

    Manuscript Created date: c. 1350–1399

    A 14th-century codex of the Pentateuch, complete with Rashi’s commentary. Why is Rashi’s commentary important? Rashi, a...

  • Pentateuch with Targum Onkelos and Rashi's comment...

    Manuscript, Illustration Created date: 1360-1399 CE

    The earliest surviving glossed Bibles from Ashkenaz (Franco-German lands) date from the 13th century CE. They show an or...

  • Perfection of Wisdom Sutra

    Manuscript Created date: 14th century

    Two leaves from early West-Tibetan ‘Perfection of Wisdom’ manuscripts. What is the ‘Perfection of Wisdom’? The ‘Perfect...

  • Piers Plowman

    Manuscript Created date: late 14th century

    Piers Plowman is a late 14th-century dream-vision. The poem is a sequence of 22 dream-visions, called ‘passus’, which me...