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  • 2,000-year-old homework book

    Writing tablet Created date: 2nd century

    These two wax tablets, once bound together with string, are pages of a Greek homework book from around 2,000 years ago. ...

  • Apprenticeship to a weaver

    Papyrus Created date: 66

    Dated 18 September 66, this papyrus preserves the complete text of an apprenticeship agreement between a father, Tryphon...

  • Aristophanes of Byzantium, De Animalibus

    Papyrus Created date: 2nd century–3rd century

    Aristophanes of Byzantium, who lived between the third and the second century BC, was well known for his studies on ling...

  • Bankes Homer

    Papyrus Created date: 2nd century

    Homeric papyri survive in greater numbers than papyri containing the works of any other ancient author. They range in si...

  • Census declaration for a household

    Papyrus Created date: 161

    Dated 24 March 161, this papyrus preserves a letter written by a brother (Anikos) to his sister (Thamistis). Thamistis h...

  • Charred scroll fragments from Herculaneum

    Manuscript Created date: 1st century

    These seven fragments are what remain of a complete scroll of the 1st century BCE containing a portion of a work by the ...

  • Codex Alexandrinus

    Manuscript Created date: 5th century

    Copied in the 5th century, Codex Alexandrinus is one of the three early Greek manuscripts that preserve both the Old and...

  • Codex Sinaiticus

    Manuscript Created date: 2nd quarter of the 4th century–3rd quarter of the 4th century

    Despite its rather austere appearance, Codex Sinaiticus is a treasure beyond price. Produced in the middle of the 4th ce...

  • Constitution of the Athenians

    Papyrus Created date: 78-c. 100

    The school of the philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) researched and recorded the constitutions of 158 ancient Greek cit...

  • Cotton Genesis

    Manuscript Created date: 5th century–6th century

    The Cotton Genesis is one of the great treasures of the British Library. Created probably in Egypt in the 5th or 6th cen...

  • Declaration of camels

    Papyrus Created date: 146

    In Roman Egypt, privately owned animals such as sheep, goats, camels, and donkeys had to be declared by their owners to...

  • Deed of divorce

    Papyrus Created date: 305–306

    Marriage contracts and deeds of divorce are recorded in the Greek papyri that survive from Egypt, although the union and...

  • Fragment of an illuminated papyrus

    Papyrus Created date: 3rd century–6th century

    A small fragment is all that survives of an ancient illuminated book (whether it was a roll or codex is unclear). The sc...

  • Fragment of Bacchylides, with attached sillybos

    Papyrus Created date: 2nd century

    A small fragment is all that remains of this 2nd-century CE scroll containing the dithyrambs of the poet Bacchylides (fl...

  • Golden Canon Tables

    Manuscript Created date: 6th century

    The Golden Canon Tables were created in Constantinople and date from the 6th or 7th century. They are precious evidence...