A Japanese propaganda map drawn by Kisaburō Ohara and published in Tokyo by Suketarō Nishida in 1904. Produced at the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea, the map portrays Russia as an octopus with grasping tentacles which extend across Europe and Asia casting a shadow over the neighbouring countries.
The map was intended for English and Japanese audiences, containing panels with explanatory texts in both languages. The English description contains references to the Russian Black Octopus introduced in the Serio-comic war map (1877) by Fred W. Rose.
- Article by:
- Tom Harper
- War, Popular culture
Objective geographical representation isn’t always the intention of maps – they can also provide social, economic or political commentary on a region, as British Library maps curator, Tom Harper discusses.