Advancing opportunity: routes in and out of criminal justice

Document type
Allen, Rob; Rhodes, Robert; Bailey, Harriet
Smith Institute
Date of publication
24 June 2008
Criminal Justice Services, Offenders, Young Offenders
Social welfare
Material type

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These essays examine the factors influencing offending and offer up alternatives to reduce the chances of reoffending. Numbers in prison in England and Wales grew from 40,000 to 64,600 in the 20 years to 2000, and are projected to reach perhaps 93,000 by 2010. Figures from 2005 showed that 91% of youngsters who have been through community punishment programmes reoffend. The essays in this volume look at different examples of interventions that have sought to reduce reoffending and to increase the rehabilitation of offenders. They start from the premise that we cannot expect to develop appropriate interventions to support people in exiting the criminal justice system unless we have a better understanding of the journey that has taken them into it, and of the interactions and (lack of) support they have experienced from a range of public services. It is necessary to understand what is influencing people’s behaviour patterns and use that learning to develop proactive solutions to help bring them out of the criminal justice system.

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