This manuscript contains information about the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad and their successors by Abu Ja‘far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, who died in 922 (310 AH).

Who was al-Tabari?

Al-Tabari was a 9th-century Muslim religious scholar and historian. He is most famous for his large commentary on the Qur’an (tafsir) and his substantial compendium of Islamic history, titled The History of Rulers and Kings. His view of history was that it should be transmitted down through reliable sources and eyewitnesses, much like hadith, rather than interpreted.

What does the manuscript include?

The manuscript is a biography of the Companions of the Prophet and includes information on Muslim women who died in Mecca before the Prophet emigrated from Mecca to Medina; names of those Companions of the Prophet who survived him and handed down traditions; Companions belonging to the tribes of Yemen who survived the Prophet; accounts of the women who embraced Islam in the time of the Prophet; notices of the men of learning who succeeded the Companions and of those who came after them and transmitted traditions.