Blaeu's terrestrial globe


This globe by Willem Jansz Blaeu (1571–1638) was originally published in 1606 but has been revised to include the discoveries at the tip of South America in 1616 by the Dutchmen Willem Schouten (active 1590–1618) and Jacob Le Maire (1585–1616).

The only known route at the time from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean was through the Magellan Strait, which was monopolised by the Dutch East India Company, so the 1616 expedition set out to find an alternative route.

They succeeded by discovering a strait between Tierra del Fuego (which they established was an island) and another southerly island. They named the strait after Le Maire, and the new island, Staten Lant (Staten Island), after the States General, which had licensed their voyage.

The pair went on to discover Cape Horn, which they named after Hoorn, the Dutch town from where most of the finance for the expedition came.

Blaeu was one of the leading globe- and map-makers of the 17th century. As a young man he had an interest in astronomy and spent several months studying with Tycho Brahe (1546–1601), the renowned Danish astronomer. Blaeu settled in Amsterdam in 1598 and established a publishing firm, which, in addition to globes, produced maps, books and atlases.

Full title:
Nova et accurata Terrae Marisq. Sphaera, denuo recognita et correcta à Gulielmo Blaeu..
Willem Janszoon Blaeu
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Maps G.6.b

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