This chart shows the route of James Cook’s second voyage, with the track of the ships drawn in red. Although the Adventure returned to Britain in 1774, the Resolution visited the Antarctic three times and made two long circuits of the Pacific during successive winters. The main result of the voyage was, in Cook’s words, to put ‘a final end … to the searching after a Southern Continent’.
The expedition also plotted the location of many islands in the Pacific until then not accurately recorded on European maps.
- Article by:
- William Frame
- The voyages
William Frame, the British Library’s Head of Modern Archives and Manuscripts, gives an overview of the main events of Cook’s second voyage of 1772-75. It would prove to be one of the greatest voyages of all time, and included the first crossing of the Antarctic Circle.