Community resilience to climate change: an evidence review: summary

Document type
Corporate author(s)
Twigger-Ross, Clare; Brooks, Katya; Papadopoulou, Liza
Joseph Rowntree Foundation
Date of publication
1 November 2015
Community Development and Regeneration
Social welfare
Material type

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‘Community resilience’ is a contested, little-used concept in the context of local action on climate change. However, it is useful for examining how far diverse activities may help communities to address the consequences of climate change. Direct impacts include increased flooding and heatwaves arising from global warming. Indirect effects include the knock-on consequences, such as increased food prices due to shortages where extreme weather causes crop failure. Shocks are short-term events with immediate impacts, such as floods, while stresses endure longer, such as housing market impacts from changes in local flood risk and insurance pricing.

Proactive approaches emphasise adaptation and transformation to respond to climate change; reactive approaches focus on resistance and ‘bounce-back’ to the status quo. Proactive approaches are needed to build long-term resilience to the consequences of climate change.

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