A treatise on melancholy by Constantine the African (d. 1098) is inserted into a collection of popular historical and philosophical texts in this English compilation. In the 12th century, previously unknown medical works containing new knowledge were translated and brought to Europe from the Arab world. The earliest evidence of this trend is witnessed in the works of Constantine, a monk at the abbey of Monte Cassino in Southern Italy, who appears to have brought medical texts from his native northern Africa and translated them from Arabic into Latin.
This volume, copied at the Augustinian priory of Kirkham, Yorkshire in the mid-12th century, also contains a copy of Orosius, Historia adversus paganos, a Christian history of the world.
This manuscript was digitised with the support of The Polonsky Foundation.