Black Orpheus was a groundbreaking ‘journal of African and Afro-American literature’ that began publication in Nigeria in 1957. Its founding editor was the university teacher Ulli Beier, and it was edited, among others, by Wole Soyinka and the South African writer Es’kia Mphahlele. Black Orpheus published poetry, art, fiction, literary criticism and commentary, and took inspiration from older African artistic and literary traditions. Other contributors and editors, including Léopold Senghor, Camara Laye, Andrew Salkey and Léon Damas, reflected its Pan-African reach and ability to attract writers of distinction.