This is the earliest known reference to Hamlet, in a note made by the scholar Gabriel Harvey in his copy of the works of Chaucer. Here he notes that ‘The younger sorte takes much delight in Shakespeare’s Venus, & Adonis: but his Lucrece & his tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke, have it in them, to please the wiser sort’.
This casual note has been used as one piece of evidence in dating the play to about 1600, based on other allusions in the annotations. It also shows that Hamlet, which must have been a relatively new play, had already been well-received.
- Full title:
- Thomas Speght's edition of The Workes of... Chaucer, 1598, with autograph notes by Gabriel Harvey, including the earliest known reference to Shakespeare's Hamlet
- 1598, London
- c. 1600
- Book / Folio / Manuscript annotation
- Gabriel Harvey [marginal annotation], Geoffrey Chaucer, Thomas Speght [editor]
- Usage terms
The printed text is Public Domain.
The handwritten annotations are Public Domain in most countries other than the UK.
- Held by
- British Library
- Add MS 42518
- Article by:
- Kiernan Ryan
- Tragedies, Power, politics and religion
Hamlet shows Shakespeare intent on sabotaging the conventions of revenge tragedy. Kiernan Ryan explains why.