This study aimed to address gaps in evidence on poverty across the different ethnic minority groups, sub-groups and generations in Northern Ireland following a period of unprecedented inward migration. The ethnic minority population within Northern Ireland has increased substantially since 2011. The largest increase is among individuals from the ‘A8’ European nations. The 2011 Census indicates large differences in outcomes relating to poverty among various ethnic minority groups. There is a high degree of labour market segmentation by ethnic minority background in Northern Ireland. Recent Eastern European arrivals displayed high levels of economic activity and labour market participation, however this was predominantly in lower paying sectors of employment. The Indian and Filipino communities were mostly represented in higher paying professional sectors. The worst outcomes relating to economic activity, labour market participation, education and health were among the Irish Traveller community.