Specialized entrepreneurship education: does it really matter? Fresh evidence from Pakistan

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Ahmed, Tariq; Klobas, Jane
Date of publication
1 January 2017
International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research. Vol. 23; Issue 1
Management & leadership: including strategy, public sector management, operations and production
Business and management
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This article is about the effectiveness of entrepreneurship education programmes (EEP).

The research makes use of planned behaviour theory and compare the differences in the following among students who participated in entrepreneurship education with a control group of Master of Business Administration (MBA) students in Pakistan:

  • Entrepreneurial attitude
  • Subjective norms
  • Perceived behavioural control and intentions.


The authors collected data using a questionnaire survey administered to 348 entrepreneurship students and 329 MBAs in their final year.


MBAs have higher entrepreneurial intentions (EIs) than EEP students and the EIs are statistically significant.

The authors did not find any differences in attitude, perceived control behaviour and subjective norms towards entrepreneurship in both the groups.

The entrepreneurship intentions of the MBA students are more influenced by social pressure as opposed to EEP students who are influenced by perceived control behaviours.


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