In 1882, Fredrik Bajer (1837-1922) founded Foreningen til Danmarks Nevtralisering, the Association of Danish Neutrality, later known as the Danish Peace Association. He nurtured the progressive and almost revolutionary ideal that wars would be replaced by legal disputes, and that violent, military confrontations would become remnants of a remote, barbaric past. In spite of that he supported the political movements in favour of a military answer to the defence of Danish neutrality.
Mathilde Bajer, Fredrik’s wife and co-founder of the Danish Women’s Society, was also an activist within the peace cause. In 1906 she took the initiative to form the Danish Women’s Peace Association, inspired by the world-famous Austrian writer and pacifist Bertha von Suttner’s visit to Copenhagen.
In 1908 Fredrik Bajer was granted the Nobel Peace Prize, but a few years later the outbreak of World War One brought an end to his dream and he withdrew from his work on peace.