Gestation-specific infant mortality, 2013

Document type
Corporate author(s)
Great Britain. Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
Date of publication
14 October 2015
Statistical bulletin
Health Services, Children and Young People
Social welfare
Material type

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This bulletin presents figures on all births and infant deaths in England and Wales in 2013. The figures are based on birth registration information for babies born in England and Wales in 2013, linked to birth notifications data (using the NHS Numbers for Babies (NN4B)), and death registrations for babies who died before their first birthday and whose death were registered with the Office for National Statistics by the 20 July 2015. This birth cohort allows births and infant deaths to be reported by gestational age and ethnicity.

The main findings are:

  • Babies born in 2013 had an infant mortality rate of 3.8 deaths per 1,000 live births, compared to 3.9 deaths per 1,000 live births for babies born in 2012.
  • Term babies had a significantly lower infant mortality rate (1.4 deaths per 1,000 live births) and pre-term babies had a significantly higher rate (21.1 deaths per 1,000 live births) compared to the overall rate.
  • Pakistani, Black Caribbean and Black African babies (6.7, 6.6 and 6.3 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively) had the highest infant mortality rates. This may be explained as these ethnicities are more likely to live in a deprived area and more likely to have parents in a less advantaged socio-economic position.