Health gaps by socio-economic position of occupations in England, Wales, English regions and local authorities, 2011

Document type
Corporate author(s)
Great Britain. Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
Date of publication
8 November 2013
Health Services, Employment, Poverty Alleviation Welfare Benefits and Financial Inclusion
Social welfare
Material type

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This brief report investigates the differences in age standardised rates of 'Not Good' health between groups of people based on their occupation and employment contracts (socio-economic class).These differences can be described as the health gap or inequality and can be compared between classes in the same geographical location. It is also valid to compare the rates of the same socio-economic class between areas and between men and women to show within class inequality and gender inequality. Using census data provides an opportunity to measure health inequalities in ways that have benefits compared to using conventional survey data. The census has the advantage of high population coverage, which increases the accuracy and precision of the rate estimates.

Among the key points: Health gaps, which are here represented as the differences in health experienced between all groups, based on occupational class are large and widespread throughout England and Wales. There is a North-South divide in 'Not Good' health rates, with rates generally higher in the North for all socio-economic classes grouped by their occupation. The local authorities with the largest health gaps are generally found in large population centres, such as Inner London.