The Last Judgement was believed to be the moment at the end of time when souls would leave Purgatory and be transferred either to Heaven or Hell for eternity. Fear of the Last Judgement, exemplified by illustrations within biblical manuscripts, would have encouraged medieval Christians to live more virtuous lives. As depicted here, God was often illustrated seated on a rainbow whilst the dead are shown leaving their graves, summoned by angels, to face the final judgement of their souls.