Households below a minimum income standard: 2008/09 to 2014/15: summary: summary

Document type
Padley, Matt; Hirsch, Donald; Valadez, Laura
Joseph Rowntree Foundation
Date of publication
15 February 2017
Poverty Alleviation Welfare Benefits and Financial Inclusion
Social welfare
Material type

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The Minimum Income Standard (MIS) is a benchmark of adequate income based on what the public think people need for a minimum acceptable living standard in the UK.

This analysis monitors changes in the number of people in households with incomes below MIS, and the number below 75% of MIS, an indicator of poverty.

Key findings:

  • Between 2008/9 and 2014/5, the number of individuals below MIS rose by four million, from 15 million to 19 million (from 25 to 30% of the population).
  • There are 11 million people living far short of MIS, up from 9.1 million, who have incomes below 75% of the standard and are at high risk of being in poverty.

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