This large map of Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf was compiled by Lieutenant Frederick Fraser Hunter between 1905 and 1908 produced to accompany the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf by John Gordon Lorimer.
The map was based on various sources, primarily on actual surveys as well as information supplied by travellers and supplemented by extensive enquiries by local Political Officers, and was instantly recognised as superior to any previous work of the kind.
It shows important features such as roads, routes, railway schemes (both completed and those under construction) and submarine telegraph lines. It also contains an extensive ‘Index to Names Occurring in Gazetteer of Persian Gulf’ with place names given in English and Arabic, and a key to symbols and abbreviations with an explanation of typeface used in order to distinguish between various features.
The map was classified ‘Secret’ and included instructions for the ‘Custody and Disposal of Secret Documents Issued by the Chief of the Staff’ signed by B. Duff, Lieutenant-General, Chief of Staff.
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Dr Mark Hobbs looks at the role maps have played in oil exploration in the Middle East from the West’s early work in the region at the beginning of the 20th century until today.