Henry Morton Stanley was a Welsh-American journalist and explorer who had made his name after ‘finding’ Dr David Livingstone, a Scottish missionary and explorer who the western world had lost contact with while on an expedition to discover the source of the Nile. 

After ‘finding’ Livingstone, Stanley continued to explore the African continent; between 1886 and 1890 he led the expedition for the relief of Emin Pasha.  In Darkest Africa (1890) is his account as leader of the controversial Emin Pasha Relief Expedition. The mission was plagued by violence, disease, high casualties and scandals involving Europeans members of the expedition.