Inequalities in health and service use among people with borderline intellectual impairment

Document type
Report
Author(s)
McManus, Sally; Ali, Afia; Bebbington, Paul
Publisher
NatCen
Date of publication
1 November 2018
Subject(s)
Health Services, Disabled people, Education and Skills, Mental health services
Collection
Social welfare
Material type
Reports

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Intellectual impairment or disability is a lifelong condition with difficulties in adaptive behaviour and cognitive functioning evident since childhood. Intellectual disability, also called learning disability in the UK, has been defined as an IQ below 70 combined with functional limitations. The focus of this report is mostly on people above this threshold, who may have borderline intellectual impairment. It is accepted that testing for intellectual impairment is subject to error due to variations in cultural norms or constructs. For example, measures that assess IQ may lead to fewer people identified as having an intellectual impairment than measures that identify people based on limitations in adaptive functioning.

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