This report presents a pilot study of a survey for measuring innovation across the public sector. The study found that a survey-based index can provide practical insight in to innovation in the public sector. The overall index scores suggest that innovation is stifled and that the key opportunity to improve innovation is the conditions in which organisations operate. The index helps understand the focus of surveyed organisations’ innovation efforts – survey results suggest that efficiency and localism will be the key focus. The index also helps understand how innovation is happening across the surveyed organisations, showing that mechanisms to encourage effective sharing of ideas should be improved. The findings also suggest potential differences across types of authorities, that there are useful lesson from Mental Health Trusts that could be applied elsewhere in the public sector, and that short-termism and restructuring hinder organisations from innovating.