Magical text invoking a deity


Magic played an important role for centuries in ancient Egypt, and represented a central tenet of religion and everyday life. Magical texts worked to alter the world’s order by using a series of formula and symbols. There were many spells that could be invoked, each with their own purpose. Love-binding spells, wishes for victory and success, and charms for protection and healing are particularly well attested in surviving sources.

This papyrus was made in Egypt between the fourth and fifth century and contains a magical text written in ancient Greek. It is an invocation to the Egyptian deity Bainchooch (‘spirit of darkness’), headed by the phrase ‘I shall give you rest from wrath and soothe your raging’. The text tells the reader to write an inscription on the back of a thin sheet of metal (lamella), which will subjugate them and control their will. The name of this person must be written on the front of the lamella.

The back of the papyrus contains a drawing featuring two figures. The figure on the left-hand side represents a deity, holding the ankh, the Egyptian symbol of life.

Full title:
Magical text invoking a deity
4th century–5th century, Egypt
Ancient Greek
Usage terms

Public Domain in most countries other than the UK.

Held by
British Library
Papyrus 123

Full catalogue details

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