Map of Lilliput and Blefuscu appeared in the first part of the 1726 novel Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift. The map shows two fictional islands of Lilliput and Blefuscu positioned in the Indian Ocean north-west of Tasmania, which on the map is labelled with its original name [Van] Dimen’s Land. 

According to a note on the map, the islands were discovered in 1699. The islands are inhabited by the neighbouring nations of tiny people involved in a continuous war. Swift used the fictional nations to depict the contemporary political situation between England and France in the early 18th century. For added authenticity, he provided detailed description of the islands, the geography, various distances, even exact location (including latitude).