Medieval Christians hoped for a ‘good’ death, ideally at home in bed surrounded by family with a priest administering the Last Rites. To die a ‘bad’ death meant dying unprepared without the ability to confess ones sins, increasing the chances of going to Purgatory or Hell. In this Book of Hours, which contains the Office of the Dead - specific prayers and rites designed to help people to a 'good' death - we see the image of a priest administering extreme unction, or the sacrament, to a dying man.

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