An overview: the Welfare Reform Act 2007 and the new Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)

Document type
Briefing
Corporate author(s)
Royal Mencap Society
Publisher
Mencap
Date of publication
1 September 2008
Subject(s)
Poverty Alleviation Welfare Benefits and Financial Inclusion, Disabled people, Legislation
Collection
Social welfare
Material type
Reports

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This briefing provides an overview of the changes to incapacity benefits resultant of the introduction of the Welfare Reform Act 2007 and Employment and Support Allowance. The Welfare Reform Bill was debated in Parliament and given Royal Assent (becoming the Welfare Reform Act) on 3 May 2007. The Act provides for: a new Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) which will replace incapacity benefit and income support paid on the grounds of incapacity; the national roll-out of local housing allowance; an anti-social behaviour – pilot scheme; and various amendments affecting social security administration, fraud, widowed mothers allowance/widowed parents allowance, disability living allowance, attendance allowance, the social fund and the Independent Living Funds.

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