This anti-Bolshevik poster shows ‘Peace and Freedom in the Soviet Russia’.

In anti-Bolshevik propaganda Trotsky often had demonic features, as here, where his ugly red figure on the Moscow Kremlin walls dominates the scene. The imagery has a clearly anti-Semitic message too. As many young Jews became revolutionaries to escape their fathers’ fate within the Pale of Settlement, Jews were often blamed for the ‘red discord’ in Russia.

Trotsky played a pivotal role in the Revolution and building the new state. As Commissar (minister) of foreign affairs and war commissar, he negotiated with the Germans at Brest-Litovsk and was responsible for the formation of the Red Army.