Participation in community volunteerism exists along a spectrum of service. This continuum leads to short and long-term effects on the individual. The reciprocal exchange experienced by participants can be defined by the term philantherapy: a consequence derived from meaningful community action. While a positive correlation between such benefits and volunteer habits has limited reporting in quantitative measures, the widespread qualitative data consulted in this literature review supports philantherapy and the assertion that volunteering benefits the volunteer. Philantherapy emphasises the reciprocal exchange that has a treatment affect on participant and community. It is crucial for the effective management of volunteer programmes that support the practice of volunteerism to take into account how individuals can be supported, as their experience is enhanced through participation in service endeavours. Mental, emotional, spiritual and physical health outcomes can be derived from volunteerism.