Directed by Loveday Ingram, the Royal Shakespeare Company’s 2016 production of The Rover embraced the play’s raucous carnival setting. A live band playing salsa, samba and Latin American music created a fiesta atmosphere, and provided an exuberant backdrop to the comedy written by Aphra Behn as a celebration of the erotically charged early Restoration period.
These photographs show Faye Castelow as Hellena and Joseph Millson as Willmore; the company of The Rover; and Alexandra Gilbreath as Angellica Bianca and Millson as Willmore.
The Restoration stage: Ladies, lechery and ‘the breeches part’
The Restoration heralded the end of the austerity endured in England under Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658) and the Puritan elite during the Interregnum (‘between reigns’) (1649–1660). Not only were the commercial playhouses reopened, but for the first time in the history of English theatre women were permitted to appear on stage.
The introduction of professional actresses was a novelty, and playwrights capitalised on the excitement and sexual tension felt by their audiences by writing roles for their leading women that often included a cross-dressing or ‘breeches part’. Breeches in the Restoration period were a type of close-fitting short trouser usually worn by men, and which, when worn by a woman, revealed the shape of her legs. This was extremely provocative in the 17th century as women’s legs were almost always hidden by their clothing.
Hellena is shown here in Act 4, Scene 2, disguised as a young man in the ‘breeches part’ tradition. Despite following misogynistic convention, Behn elevated Hellena’s character from being merely an object of male desire (Willmore’s within the play, and the audience's without) by giving her wit, sophistication and the intellect to play the male cavaliers at their own game.
- Full title:
- Faye Castelow as Hellena and Joseph Millson as Willmore in The Rover; Patrick Robinson as Belvile and Joseph Millson and Willmore in The Rover; The Company of The Rover; Frances McNamee as Florinda in The Rover; Alexandra Gilbreath as Angellica Bianca and Joseph Millson and Willmore in The Rover
- 2016, London
- Photograph / Image
- Ellie Kurltz [photographer]
- Usage terms
Photos by Ellie Kurttz © RSC
- Held by
- Royal Shakespeare Company
- RSC Photo IDs: 203372; 203331; 203443
- Article by:
- Elaine Hobby
- Theatre and entertainment, Politics and religion, Satire and humour, Gender and sexuality
Aphra Behn's The Rover engages with the social, political and sexual conditions of the 17th century, as well as with theatrical traditions of carnival and misrule. Elaine Hobby introduces Behn's play and explores how it was first performed and received.
- Article by:
- Diane Maybank
- Theatre and entertainment, Politics and religion, Satire and humour
Diane Maybank introduces the characters, conventions and historical context of Restoration comedy, and explores what the genre has to say about gender, courtship and class.
Related collection items
Related teachers' notes
These activities allow students to explore how Aphra Behn uses character types and tropes associated with carnival in The Rover. Students can relate this to the play’s context of production, and to comic theories relating to the carnivalesque.
PDF Download Available