Henry VIII acquired the manor as a royal residence and keep in 1539, and Rogers was commissioned to alter it for the king’s use soon after. Lon Shelby has reconstructed the sequence of surviving drawings in the Cotton Manuscripts collection (see Lon R. Shelby, John Rogers: Tudor Military Engineer (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967), 34-46). The others are Cotton Augustus I, Supp.I, (‘Plat A’); Augustus I.ii.II (‘Plat B’); and Augustus I.ii.13 (‘Plat D’). He labelled this one as ‘Plat C’, arguing that it represented a second proposal for remodelling the king’s and queen’s apartments and was probably never executed. It is endorsed: ‘A new plat made by the same Rogers, of the king his hyghnis mannor of Hulle, XXVth of June’. Although not specifically stated, the scale is one inch to sixteen feet. P.D.A. Harvey was the first to point out the early use of scale for a civic building (P.D.A. Harvey, Maps in Tudor England (London: Public Record Office and the British Library), 1993, pp.98, 100)].
- Article by:
- Anthony Gerbino
- Military and maritime, Science and nature
The first important transformation of English medieval design practice occurred in a military context, during the reign of Henry VIII. Pioneering plans, surveys and designs by leading Tudor engineers are housed in the British Library, particularly within Sir Robert Cotton’s manuscript collection. Anthony Gerbino, Senior Lecturer in Art History at the University of Manchester, explores further.