This caricature by political cartoonist Giuseppe Scalarini (1873-1948) has a pacifist and anti-militarist aim. It is from the newspaper L’Avantil and shows a well-fed man with a fat wallet smiling while an elderly woman weeps as she looks at her own small purse. It highlights the greedy interests of financiers and industrialists who profited from the war.
L’Avantil was the newspaper of the Italian Socialist Party from 1896. In 1993, as a consequence of the dissolution of the Italian Socialist Party, its publication ceased. The newspaper denounced the absurd human cost, both moral and material, of war, and strongly disapproved of militarism.