This front page to the December 1843 Illustrated London News depicts 'refuges for the destitute' - sheltered lodgings for homeless adults and children. The accommodation is basic and sparse, with wooden boxes and straw supplied for bedding. Published during the Christmas season, the newspaper was evidently trying to appeal to readers' sense of charity.
- Article by:
- Judith Flanders
- Poverty and the working classes, London
Judith Flanders examines the state of housing for the 19th-century urban poor, assessing the ‘improvements’ carried out in slum areas and the efforts of writers, including Charles Dickens and Henry Mayhew, to publicise such living conditions.