Re-offending by offenders on Community Orders: results from the offender management community cohort study

Document type
Wood, Martin; Cattell, Jack; Hales, Gavin
Ministry of Justice
Date of publication
1 January 2015
Ministry of Justice analytical summary
Offenders, Resettlement
Social welfare
Material type

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This report is one of a series summarising findings from the Offender Management Community Cohort Study (OMCCS), a longitudinal cohort study of offenders aged 18 and over, who started Community Orders between October 2009 and December 2010. The report focuses on re-offending by these offenders, using a measure of proven re-offending. Proven re-offending is defined as any offence committed in the 12 months following the start of the Community Order that received a court conviction or caution in that 12 months or within a further six month waiting period. It examines the factors associated with re-offending, such as offenders’ needs, attitudes and their relationship with their Offender Manager.

The findings show that re-offending is greatest in the first months of the Community Order and that offenders on Community Orders often have complex needs, some of which will be related to their offending behaviour. The evidence reinforces the importance of a wide range of ‘static’ factors in predicting future offending, such as gender and index offence. It also demonstrates that ‘dynamic’ factors such as the changing needs and attitudes of offenders can help to explain why someone re-offends and how addressing these may reduce re-offending.

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