Re-thinking decentralization

Document type
Corporate author(s)
Kosovo Local Government Institute; Local Government Information Unit
Local Government Information Unit
Date of publication
8 July 2016
Social Policy, Legislation
Social welfare
Material type

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This policy paper discusses the role of decentralization in the context of Kosovo and Serb-Majority Municipalities. It was written by the Kosovo Local Government Institute in collaboration with the LGiU.

Decentralization has become a global phenomenon in most developing countries during the recent years. The aim of decentralization goes beyond the principles of self-government and political representation of local communities. This aim is to improve the delivery of services towards the citizens, ensure that these services are provided efficiently and effectively and improve the lives of citizens in a country. Unlike other countries, in Balkan, including Kosovo, the decentralization reforms are used as a means to resolve ethnic conflicts and reduce the excessive authority of the central level.

Municipalities continue to operate in between public pressure and the services that do not possess sufficient resources, fully flat supervision and the control over them. There is a range of policies, directives and services that create ambiguity for functional decentralized governance. This happens due to the collision between the basic and sector laws. Inter-governmental communication is a critical aspect of an efficient local government; without effective and efficient communication, the participation of local government in the discussion and formulation of policies will not be effective.

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