This manuscript contains a version of the work composed by the monk Śrīcandra in the 12th century, and is written in Prakrit language with an interlinear commentary in Gujarati. Thirty-eight of the forty-three folios forming the manuscript are richly illustrated by miniatures of different size and shape including charts and diagrams. The work concerns the Jain universe and the various creatures living in its different worlds.

The Saṁgrahaṇīratna

The title, which can be translated as Jewel of summarised verses, refers to the fact that this text, probably the most popular cosmological work of the Jain Śvetāmbara tradition, is a condensed version of previous writings. The text deals with the complex structure of the Jain universe, describes the categories of living beings inhabiting the three worlds and how souls are born in different forms according to the theory of karma. It also emphasises the difficulty of gaining birth as a human being, the only form in which the soul can achieve the ultimate wisdom and be released from the cycle of rebirth.

Explore this item in its entirety via our Digitised Manuscripts website

Full title:
Saṁgrahaṇīratna by Śrīcandra with a Gujarati commentary.
17th century
Prakrit / Gujarati
Usage terms

Public Domain. Please consider cultural, religious & ethical sensitivities when re-using this material.

Held by
British Library
Or 2116C

Full catalogue details

Related articles

An introduction to the Jain faith

Article by:
Nalini Balbir

Professor Nalini Balbir introduces the Jain religion, describing its key features, practices and expressions of faith.

Jain cosmology

Article by:
Nalini Balbir

Professor Balbir introduces the distinctive cosmology of the Jain religion, discussing how it is structured and understood by followers of the faith.

Jain scripture

Article by:
Nalini Balbir
Jainism, Sacred texts

What is the source of authority in the Jain religion? Professor Nalini Balbir explores this question and outlines the Jain scriptures and their languages.

Related collection items