Small-area measures of income poverty

Document type
Working Paper
Fenton, Alex
Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion
Date of publication
1 May 2013
CASEpaper; 173
Poverty Alleviation Welfare Benefits and Financial Inclusion
Social welfare
Material type

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This paper considers techniques for measuring the prevalence of income poverty within small areas, or 'neighbourhoods', in Britain. The ultimate purpose is applying such statistics to investigating how the micro-spatial distribution of poverty within cities and regions changes over time as a consequence of political decisions and economic events. In the paper, some general criteria for small-area poverty measures are first set out, and two broad methods, poverty proxies and modelled income estimates, are identified. Empirical analyses of the validity and coverage of poverty proxies derived from UK administrative data, such as social security benefit claims, are presented.

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