Socio-economic differences in total education spending in England: middle-class welfare no more

Document type
Belfield, Chris; Goll, David; Sibieta, Luke
Date of publication
31 October 2018
IFS Briefing note; BN242
Education and Skills, Poverty Alleviation Welfare Benefits and Financial Inclusion, Families, Children and Young People
Social welfare
Material type

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This report finds that differences in funding by social class have now vanished. Changes to the distribution of school funding, increased staying-on rates and reforms to HE funding mean that there was no difference in the amount of public money spent in total on educating the poorest and richest pupils who were taking their GCSEs in 2010. This has happened despite the facts that richer pupils remain much more likely to enrol in HE and that public subsidy for HE remains substantial.

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