Stone Henge was published in Thomas Hearne and William Byrne’s collaborative project: The Antiquities of Great Britain, illustrated in views of monasteries, castles and churches now existing. The original drawings for the series were produced by Hearne from 1777; Byrne engraved them and prepared letterpress descriptions in French and English. Individual sets of plates were available to buy a year later, and in 1786 the first fifty two plates were bound and published as a book. A second volume of thirty two engravings was issued in 1806.

Hearne travelled extensively in England, Scotland and Wales for the Antiquities project, working on drawings for the series at the same time as completing commissioned views for patrons like Richard Payne Knight (1750-1824).  Sometimes he undertook topographical tours with friends, notably the artist Joseph Farington (1747-1821) and the amateur painter and patron of the arts Sir George Beaumont (1753-1827).