Strengthening multi-agency public protection arrangements (MAPPAs)

Document type
Kemshall, Hazel; Mackenzie, Gill; Wood, Jason
Home Office
Date of publication
1 October 2005
Development and practice report; 45
Criminal Justice Services
Social welfare
Material type

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This report outlines key messages for practitioners based on findings from a study of the developments in multiagency public protection arrangements (MAPPAs). The fieldwork was undertaken between December 2003 and August 2004. There is evidence of greater effectiveness and consistency across MAPPAs than was evident in the earlier review and this study has found that areas are meeting the MAPPA guidance specification to a large extent. Arrangements before 1999 were largely based on informal structures, processes and personal networks outside of agreed structures. The picture across England and Wales now clearly shows the adoption of a three-tiered public protection structure that relies on the active engagement of a range of partners from key agencies, with the police and National probation service acting jointly as the responsible authority. This structure has been strengthened by the naming of HM prison service as an additional responsible authority and confirming a duty to cooperate on a range of other agencies through the Criminal justice act 2003. The survey revealed that the representatives from agencies involved in the MAPPA process are now able to take decisions and develop risk management plans; where problems existed, areas were taking well-considered steps to address them.

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