The characteristics and income of the top one percent
- Document type
- Joyce, Robert; Pope, Thomas; Roantree, Barra
- Institute for Fiscal Studies
- Date of publication
- 6 August 2019
- IFS Briefing note; BN253
- Poverty Alleviation Welfare Benefits and Financial Inclusion, Older Adults
- Social welfare
- Material type
Download (794KB )
To be in the top 1% of income tax payers in the UK (i.e. to be among the 310,000 individuals with the highest income), a taxable income of at least £160,000 is required. £236,000 is required to be in the top 0.5% and nearly £650,000 to be in the top 0.1%. 43% of adults pay no income tax and to be in the top 1% of all adults (or the top 540,000 people), a pre-tax income of at least £120,000 is required.
The top 1% of income tax payers are disproportionately male, middle-aged and London-based. A man aged 45–54 in London could be in the top 1% nationally while still needing a further £550,000 to be in the top 1% for his gender, age and region.
These patterns become more pronounced at even higher income levels. Almost half of the top 0.1% of income tax payers are based in London, over 40% are aged 45–54 and only 11% are women.
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