King John was taken ill in October 1216, having suffered an attack of dysentery, and he died at Newark, Nottinghamshire, most likely on 18 or 19 October. According to the chronicler Ralph of Coggeshall, John’s final illness was brought on by gluttony; but rumours soon started to circulate that he had been poisoned by a monk of Swineshead Abbey in Lincolnshire. This miniature is taken from a verse chronicle of the kings of England, compiled late in the 13th century. It depicts John being offered a cup of poison: as the accompanying text relates, in Anglo-Norman French, ‘e fuit enpoysone par une frere de la meson’ (he was poisoned by a brother of the house). John accepts the chalice with a look of suspicion, while the monk’s brethren watch eagerly to see whether the ruse will succeed.
- Full title:
- Chronicle of the kings of England from Edward the Confessor (1042–1066) to Edward I (1272–1307) (Dean 31)
- Manuscript / Illustration
- Usage terms
Public Domain in most countries other than the UK.
- Held by
- British Library
- Cotton MS Vitellius A XIII
- Article by:
- David Carpenter
- Medieval origins, Clauses and content
As a 13th-century peace treaty, Magna Carta was a failure. Just 10 weeks after its creation, it was annulled by the Pope and the country was plunged into civil war. Yet this was by no means the end of the charter’s journey. Professor David Carpenter explores the events that led to the reissue and revival of Magna Carta by Henry III and Edward I.
- Article by:
- Medieval origins, Legacy
Stretching from 979 to 2015, this simple timeline charts the key events leading up to the declaration of Magna Carta in 1215, and explores the legacy of the document up to the present day.