The rise and rise of women's employment in the UK
- Document type
- Roantree, Barra; Vira, Kartik
- Institute for Fiscal Studies
- Date of publication
- 27 April 2018
- IFS Briefing Note; BN234
- Employment, Families, Social Policy, Poverty Alleviation Welfare Benefits and Financial Inclusion
- Social welfare
- Material type
Download (314KB )
Over the past 40 years, the UK has seen an almost continual rise in the proportion of women in employment. The employment rate among women of ‘prime working age’ (aged 25-54) is up from 57% in 1975 to a record high of 78% in 2017.
This predominantly reflects an increase in full-time employment, from 29% in 1985 (when data on hours of work began) to 44% in 2017.
These aggregate changes are largely the result of a huge change in working patterns at particular points in the life cycle, with far more women in employment over the course of their mid-to-late 20s and early 30s.
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