The unspoken decline of outer London: why is poverty and inequality increasing in outer London and what needs to change

Document type
Hunter, Paul
Smith Institute
Date of publication
3 November 2018
Social Policy, Poverty Alleviation Welfare Benefits and Financial Inclusion, Housing and Homelessness, Employment
Social welfare
Material type

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This report provides a critique of agglomeration theory and so-called ‘city centralism’ that dominates the current policy landscape around economic development. Whilst acknowledging the benefits this approach has brought, this study carefully documents the downsides for those on low incomes in many outer London boroughs. Detailed statistical analysis is enriched with insights gathered from focus group discussions with low-income residents from outer London as well as interviews and meetings with experts and key stakeholders. This blend of data, information and opinion underpins an agenda for change, which is presented in the final section of the report in the form of a series of policy recommendations and ideas to rebalance London’s economy.

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